Are Municipal Bonds Expensive or Cheap?

I hadn’t heard from Reuters Senior Market Strategist Daniel Berger in a while. He tends to reach out to me when something is not right in the municipal bond market. Recently, he shared with me a report which was going out to the thousands of traders, financial analysts, and mutual fund managers that pay good money to get his market analysis.
  To see a list of high yielding CDs go here.  
Here is the key paragraph from his report:

Indeed, muni bonds are “rich” and could be headed for a relative performance decline.  . .we are worried that the best relative performance for the long-end may have already been achieved.

– Daniel Berger, Senior Market Strategist, Thomson Reuters 10/18/2012


By a Popular Measure of Value Munis Look Expensive

He also provided me with this very instructive chart. Municipal market participants tend to very closely follow the Municipal / Treasury Ratio (M/T Ratio). When the number is above 100, AAA rated municipal bonds yield more than treasuries. As the chart shows, municipal bond yields  have been coming down relative to treasuries. Berger and others are suggesting the M/T ratio may be bottoming out.

AAA 10 Year

Since July, the M/T ratio has been declining, meaning that municipal bonds have become about 20% more  expensive relative to treasuries. The chart also indicates that  the M/T ratio spent the majority of the first half of the year stuck between 90 and 100. If this proves to be the resistance area for higher muni prices, there is limited upside for buyers of municipal bonds.


At the Same Time, Bill Gross and PIMCO Are Buying Municipal Bonds

Bill Gross, the manager of the PIMCO Total Return Bond Fund,  is a “go anywhere” bond investor. He can buy all the major segments of the bond market: Treasuries, MBS, Munis, Corporates, and International bonds. Unlike those that focus solely municipal bonds, he must constantly ask himself the question, “If I sell this bond, what can I buy to replace it.”  Lately, Bill Gross has been selling treasuries and buying high-quality municipal bonds. Mr. Gross is buying munis for the traditional reasons that munis are popular. They have history of being very safe, they have been paying a yield close to or higher than treasuries, and they have a major tax benefit which treasuries don’t, making their effective yield much higher than treasuries. Around 10% of the PIMCO total return ETF is now invested in municipal bonds.

Looking for some quality municipal bond funds?  The following bond funds are rated 4 or 5 Stars by LB Ratings (click on the funds name for the full report): Vanguard High-Yield Tax-Exempt Investor Shares (VWAHX), The Vanguard Intermediate-Term Tax-Exempt Fund (VWITX),
and S&P National AMT-Free Municipal Bond Fund (MUB).

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