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Stock Market Guide: What is the FTSE 100?

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The FTSE 100 is a tradable index that consists of the London Stock Exchange’s (LSE) 100 largest companies — the blue chips as they are often referred to. This index serves as a benchmark in the assessment of the performance of other major companies in the United Kingdom.

The FTSE 100 (or the Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index) was once owned by the LSE and Financial Times but is now fully managed by the FTSE Group, which is a subsidiary of the LSE.

The FTSE 100 was launched on January 3, 1984 with a 1,000 starting value. It has then experienced various acquisitions, mergers, and takeovers through the years. Some of the companies once listed under this prestigious group have disappeared, with some constituents changing their names over time. The constituents under the FTSE 100 are determined quarterly — in March, June, September, and December.

Some of the current constituents of the FTSE 100 are:

  • Lloyds Banking Group
  • London Stock Exchange Group
  • Royal Bank of Scotland Group
  • Provident
  • Associated British Foods
  • Barclays
  • Barratt Developments
  • Legal & General
  • Berkeley Group Holdings
  • BP (British Petroleum)
  • SSE
  • British American Tobacco
  • Smith & Nephew
  • Tesco
  • British Land Company
  • Taylor Wimpey
  • Burberry
  • Coca-Cola HBC
  • easyJet
  • Experian
  • Fresnillo
  • GlaxoSmithKline (GSK)
  • AstraZeneca
  • Glencore
  • Hargreaves Lansdown
  • HSBC
  • InterContinental Hotels Group
  • International Airlines Group
  • ITV
  • Vodafone
  • Unilever
  • Johnson Matthey
  • Kingfisher
  • Land Securities Group
  • Marks & Spencer
  • Mediclinic International
  • Merlin Entertainments
  • Morrisons
  • Old Mutual
  • Paddy Power Betfair
  • Prudential
  • RELX Group
  • Rolls-Royce
  • Royal Dutch Shell
  • Whitbread
  • Royal Mail
  • SABMiller
  • WPP
  • J Sainsbury
  • Schroders
  • Smiths Group
  • Standard Chartered
  • Standard Life
  • St. James’s Place
  • Travis Perkins
  • United Utilities
  • Wolseley
  • Worldpay

FTSE 100

Trading The FTSE 100

The FTSE 100 is traded in roughly the same manner as any precious metal or currency pair, where ample market analysis and price comprehension is applied to be able to decide whether or not to buy or sell. Stocks can be purchased via online brokers, or CFD brokers.

All trading carries risk. Views expressed are those of the writers only. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The opinions expressed in this Site do not constitute investment advice and independent financial advice should be sought where appropriate. This website is free for you to use but we may receive commission from the companies we feature on this site.
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